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诗中有画 画中有诗

发布时间: 2019-08-14 16:14:27|来源:BBIN真人_bbin真人游戏-官网APP下载

  shizhongyouhua huazhongyoushi

  ——yi《shihuazhijian》weilitanshihuayilv

  zuozhe: li jun(renminwenxuechubanshebianji)

  shi、huashiyiduiluanshengzimei,wulunzaixifanghaishizaizhongguo,renmenduizheiliangzhongyishudetaolundouyouyuanyuanliuzhangdelishi。shi、hualilunsixiangdejiaojiheyitong,shigujinzhongwaiwenyililunjiaxingqunonghoudehuati。qianzhongshuxianshengcengzai《zhongguoshiyuzhongguohua》yiwenzhongjiankuodizhichu: “shihehuajirantongshiyishu,yinggaiyougongtongxing;tamenbingfeitongyimenyishu,youyinggaigejuteshuxing。tamendexingnenghelingyudeyitong,shimeixueshangdezhongyaolilunwenti。”buguo,zaizheipianwenzhangzhong,qianxianshengdezhuyaozhuzhangshishidebiaoxianliyouyuhua。deguomeixuejialaixinde《laaokong》shixifanglunshushihuaguanxidezhongyaolilunzhuzuo,qianxiansheng1962nianzhongdugaishu,bingzhuan《du〈laaokong〉》yiwen,qisixiangdatishangshunyinglaixinzhishuo,keshiweishangwenguandiandejinyibushenshu。shiyouhualiedeshuofa,zaizhongguogudaidetongdiaobibijieshi,qianxianshengdeliangpianwenzhangzuolehongfudezhengyinlunshu,jiashenlerenmenduilaixinsixiangdelijie,yingxianghenda。danshi,yezhengruyoudexuezhesuozhichudeneiyang,qianxianshengdewenzhangsuozhanxiandeshi“‘shi’benweideshihuapiping,yifangmianrangshigedebiaoxianlihuodelechongfenguanzhao,lingyifangmianquezhebiledaliangdehuihuajingyan,yijishihuahudongdelishihuanjie”。

诗中有画 画中有诗

    写生蛱蝶图(北宋赵昌) 北京故宫博物院藏

BBIN真人  jinnianlai,qinghuadaxueliushijiaoshouluxufabiaole《xifangshihuaguanxiyulaixindeshihuaguan》《“shihuayilv”deneihan》denglunwen,duishihuaguanxideyixiezhongyaowentizuoleshulihelunshu。rujin,tajiangzheixielunwenbianjicheng《shihuazhijian》yishu。ancixunsong,qixitongxingheyanjinxingjiaozhiyuedudanpianlunwengengyinrenrusheng。

BBIN真人  zhangjiuyilai,zhongguoxuejieduixifangxuezhesuolunshihuaguanxicunzaizhuduowujie。zheixiewujieshizenyangchanshengde?ruherenshihepingjialaixinzai《laaokong》zhongchanshudeyi“shihuafenjie”he“shiyouhualie”weihexindeyixilieshihuaguanxixueshuo?liushixianshengduicizuolexizhidelunshu。cuoqidayao: tongguoxitongshuliguxilayilaixifangwenyililunzhonglunshushihuaguanxidedaibiaoxingguandian,zuozherenweishihuafenjieshi“xifangchongshangfenxidezhexuesixiang,tayouliyuduibutongmenleiyishuguilvhetexingdetantao,congercujingeziyishudefazhan,danguanchuanqizhongdeshihuayoulieguan,bulunshubaoshubian,jintiankanlaijunduowuduanhuangtangzhilun,lishidejuxianxingshifenmingxian。da·fenqidengrenyixingsilunhua,qiyongyibenzaitigaohuihuadediwei,jieguoquejiangdilehuihuadejiazhiheyiyi。heigeerduihuihuazaishuqingfangmianluohouyushidepiping,yezhinengtixianletaduihuihuagongnengrenshidebuzu”。zhongguoxuejieduixifangshihuaguanxiderenshi,shouzhuguangqian、qianzhongshudengrenlunzhuyingxiangjiaoda,congxianyourenshilaikan,wulunshibingchishihuayizhishuo,haishizhangyanglaixindeshiyouhualieguan,liangzhedouyoupianpo。yuanyinzaiyu,duiqianzhedelunzhengduoyuanyuzimianshangdexunzhangzhaiju——suoyikaobuzhu,erhouzhedejuxianzaiyu“laixinrenweixinshangdiaosuzhishiyanjingdegongzuo,buxuyaodanaocanyu,jiangxiangxiangwanquanpaoqizaizaoxingyishuxinshangzhiwaile”。shijishang,huihuasuonengchuandadebuzhishihuazhongwu,tatongyangnengbiaoxianhuawaiyi,suowei“shizhebixiao,zexuzhezichu”,“qianxiangmiaode”,lijie、jianshangbunengmeiyou“xiangxiang”funeng。yinci,liushixianshengrenwei,shi、hua“zhishishouduanzhibie、xingshizhibie,ruolunshuqingdayizheiyibenzhigongneng,shihuabingwuerzhi”。

诗中有画 画中有诗

花气薰人帖(北宋黄庭坚) 台北故宫博物院藏

  shiyouhualiehuohuayoushilieshizhongguogudaiwenyililunzhongjingchangtaolundehuati,didangpianzhi,shufeiyiyi。《shihuazhijian》yishuzhongde《“shihuayilv”deneihan》《zhongguogudaideshihuayoulielun》《shihuapingdengguanzhongdeshihuaguanxi——weirao“shizhongyouhua”shuoderuoganwenti》《shihuayilvlunshouweng》sipianlunwen,jieshitaolunzheixiewentide。

  “shihuayilv”“shizhongyouhua,huazhongyoushi”jieshisushijiezhudehuati,zheishishidaidejiyuan。meishushixuezhefangwenxianshengshuo,sushirenweihuihuafazhandaotangdai,yijingdadaole“gezhonglilunyuwaizaijiyidougaoduchengshu,dantaichengshujiukenengtingzhi,tamenxuyaozhuanbianfangxiang,xuyaobiange,zheijiushitatichangde‘shihuayilv’‘huazhongyoushi’,taigaoshidafujiangjiuwenhuaxiuyangdeyishu,youzhuzhongmonixingsizhuanxiangzhuzhongbiaodaxinyi,baqiangdiaoguijufaduzhuanxiangqiangdiao‘tianzhenyuqingxin’dengdeng”。zheishijiyuhuihuashiyanbiandeshenshi,zuyijianchudongpozhiyandezhongyaoxing。buguo,zheiliangzuhuatibujinjuyoubiaozhihuihuasixiangzhuanbiandeyiyi,haiyoufeichangfengfudewenyililunneihan,shejishi、hualiangzhongyishuxingshidehudong。

BBIN真人  liushirenwei,“‘shihuayilv’zheiyimingtibaohanlianggezimingti,yishi‘shi’yu‘hua’‘yilv’,yishi‘hua’yu‘shi’‘yilv’”。zheilianggezimingtizhongde“shi”yu“hua”,suozhishibutongde。“hua”yu“shi”zaihechu“yilv”dewenti,yejiushihuaxiangshijiejianshenmedewenti。“congzheiyimingtidetichuzhesudongpoheshiyongzheiyimingtidegurendeshijiyonglikan,huayushidoushizhiyishanshuiweidaibiaodebaokuohuazhuqinniaodengzaineidemiaohuiziranjingwudeticai。”zheishishifenshishiqiushidejieshuo。er“shi”yu“hua”zaihechu“yilv”dewenti,bujinguanhushigeconghuihuazhongjiejianleshenme,qishihaiguanlianzhelingyigemingandewenti,jiyi“shizhongyouhua”pingjiashirenyoubiandideyiwei,zheizhuyaoshejiwangweishigedepingjia,xuejieyucishangduozhenglun。“weimojiezhishi,shizhongyouhua。guanmojiezhihua,huazhongyoushi。”cinaisushiduiwangweishihuaronghe、xiangdeyizhangzhitezhengdejingpigaikuo。danyouxuezherenwei,“shizhongyouhua”bingfeishigeyishudejigaojingjie,shenzhiyebushiwangweishigedezhuyaochengjiu,suoyiciyusibaoshibian。xunyizheizhonglijiedesilu,shinailaixin、qianzhongshudengzhongxixuezhesuozhuzhangdehuihuabiaoxianliburushigezhisixiangdetuiyan。sushibenrenshihuajianshan,“shizhongyouhua,huazhongyoushi”detichu,qishishiyigefeichangjijide、kendingdepingjia,danbubishiweiquanmiandepingjia。“gudaishige,bulunjiuchuangzuoshijianlaikan,haishijiulilunsuqiulaikan,junzhongzhiguanmohui,zhongtiwuxiangxing”,“zhengshizaizheiyidianshang,‘shi’yu‘hua’jinmidijieheqilai,‘shi’yu‘hua’de‘yilv’zhichu,jiuzaizheili”。zheiyuzhongguogudai“zhushenzhongxing”huo“zhushenbuqingxing”dewenyililunsixiangyouzhemibukefendeguanxi。congyishuzhuiqiushanglaishuo,“xingshenjianbei”shigujinshiren、huajiadouqiqiudejingjie。

诗中有画 画中有诗

《诗画之间》 刘 石 著 人民文学出版社

  guwangjinlai,shihuayoulielunliuxingbushuai,zhuyaoyuanyinzaiyurenmenduishi、hualiangzhongyishuxingshidebiaoxiannenglidetirenbugouchongfen。renmenjingchangbayoudengdeshiyuliedengdehuaxiangbijiao,huozhebayoudengdehuayuliedengdeshixiangbijiao,youcidechuyouliegaoxiadejielun,qizhongdewentibuyaneryu。liushixianshengrenwei,butongmenleideyishuzhijianchayiziduo,buyinganyishudemenleifengaoxia,danbufanganyishudegaoxiahuagaoxia。keguan、quanmiandikaochagudaishihuaguanxishi,“shihuayilv”shigengweihongzhengdeshengyin,tazaidangdairengyouqiangjingdehuixiang,pantianshoudeshihuachuangzuojiushiyigehenhaodelizi。

BBIN真人  shangshushi、huaguanxidejigewenti,kanshangquzhutimingque,xianquetouxuhenduo,qiehuxiangjiaozhi,changchangshirenyouzhisiyifenzhigan。baiduliushixianshengdezheixiewenzhang,youliangzhongyinxiangshenkededuhougan,yishicailiaohongfu,zhengyinjiduo;ershilunximingchang,bujinyoushuofuli,hairaoyouqingshuangliluozhigan。zheizhuyaodeyiyuzuozheshiyehongtong,yuwentinengtuoxieqingchu,yaobianxizezangfoudeyi。guanyuzheizhongyanjiujingyan,zuozhebenrenzai《houji》zhongyoujihaodegongshu: “zaitantaoshihuaguanxishi,bbinzhenrenxuanzedebushililundechanfa,yebushiyishudefenxi,ershileikaojudeyanjiu。suoweileikaojuerbuzhiyankaoju,shikaojudeduixiangyuchuantongdebutong,bushizuopinzicidejiegu,bushizuojiashengpingdekaosuo,bushilishishishidetanjiu,ershiyizhongguannian——gurenyouguanshihuaguanxideguanniandeshuli。”“leikaoju”shiliushixianshengtichudegainian,qiduixiangsihubisixiangshiyanjiulingyude“guannianshi”xiaoyixie,danbiwenyililunjietaolunde“guanjianci”youdayixie。

BBIN真人  《guangmingribao》( 2020nian08yue14ri 10ban)


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