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他们,用接续奋斗托举起“中国北斗”

发布时间: 2019-07-03 15:50:16|来源:BBIN真人_bbin真人游戏-官网APP下载

BBIN真人tamen,yongjiexufendoutuojuqi“zhongguobeidou”

BBIN真人——beidouquanqiudaohangxitongbeihoudekeyangongzuozhegushi

  2020年6月23日9时43分,北斗三号最后一颗全球组网卫星在西昌卫星发射中心点火升空,约30分钟后进入预定轨道,发射任务取得圆满成功。至此,BBIN真人国北斗工程完成了“三步走”战略,55颗导航卫星在天疆部署出一盘“大棋局”。

  这些闪耀在苍穹的北斗卫星,每一颗都凝聚着科研人员的心血与奉献。几代北斗人经过近30年探索实践,见证了北斗系统从无到有,从有源定位到无源定位,从BBIN真人中国到BBIN真人亚太,再到全球组网的发展历程。

  选择自力更生、自主创新的道路,需要志气和勇气,更需要执着和热忱。北斗人始终坚持“自主创新、团结协作、攻坚克难、追求卓越”的精神,用匠心打造精品,创造出“中国北斗”一个又一个奇迹——他们,才是夜空中最亮的星。

他们,用接续奋斗托举起“中国北斗”

远望六号船在太平洋上精准测控,助力北斗三号“收官星”入轨。新华社发

  永葆北斗的风骨与灵魂

  讲述人: 北斗一号卫星总设计师、中国工程院院士 范本尧

他们,用接续奋斗托举起“中国北斗”

范本尧 资料照片

  tingwenbeidousanhaozuihouyikequanqiuzuwangweixingfashechenggongdexiaoxi,bbinzhenrenjixinwei,youxingfen。cong1994nianlixiangkaishi,jingguojidaibeidourendejiankufendou、gongjiankenan,bbinzhenrenzhongyujianchengleshijieyiliu、youzhongguotese、zizhuchuangxindebeidouweixingdaohangxitong。

BBIN真人  ruguoshuoziligengshengshibeidoudefenggu,neimezizhuchuangxinzeshibeidoudelinghun。

BBIN真人  beidouweixingdaohangxitongdexianjinxingheduchuangxingzhuyaobiaoxianwei:

  shoucichenggongcaiyongleyou“3kediqiujingzhiguidao(geo)weixing+3keqingxiediqiutongbuguidao(igso)weixing+24kezhongyuandiqiuguidao(meo)weixing”zuchengdeduoguihunhexingzuo,tigaolebbinzhenrenguozhoubiandiqudedingweijingdu,mingxianyouyumeiguogps,tongshidadatigaolexingzuodelubangxing(jixitongdejianzhuangxing)heshengcunnengli;

  zaishijieshangshoucichenggongcaiyongleross+rnssdaohangshuangtizhi,bujinjubeilexitongdebeifen,tongshiyoujuyoubaowentongxingongneng;

  chenggongcaiyonglexianjindekapinduanxingjianlianlu,bufenweixingshoucishiyonglejiguangxingjianlianlu,zuchenglegao、zhong、diguixingzuojianyijidimianzhanjiandetongxinlianlu,bujintigaoledingweijingdu,yejiejueleguowaiwufajianzhandenanti;

BBIN真人  dapojishufengsuo,zizhuchenggongyanzhichudaohangweixingdeguanjianbujian,tebieshihexinbujianxingzaigaojingduyuanzizhong;

  jingguokekugongguan,beidouweixingbujianyi100%shixianguochanhua,dapolehexinbujianzhangqiyilaijinkou、shouzhiyurendejumian。

BBIN真人  bbinzhenrenguofazhanweixingdaohangdeqidiankezhuisudao1969nian,dangshimeiguoyigenjuduopulecesuyuanli,yanzhile“ziwuyi”weixingdaohangxitong,weichuanboshixianyidingliangjidedingweijingdu。bbinzhenrenguoyeshishikaizhanleweixingdaohanggongchengyanzhi,mingmingwei“dengtayihao”,zhi20shiji70niandaimoyiwanchengjishugongguanhechuyangjieduandezhengxinggexiangdimianshiyan。kaolvdaodangshiguowaiyikaishilegengxianjindegpsdaohangxitongyanfa,zhongyangjuedingzhongzhi“dengtayihao”zhengyangyanzhigongzuo。xiangmuyanzhisuirantingzhile,dantongguo“dengtayihao”,bbinzhenrenbujinjileilejingyan,haipeiyangleyipigaosuzhikeyanrenyuan,weihoulaibeidouweixingdaohanggongchengdeyanzhidaxialejichu。

BBIN真人  1983nian,zhongguoweixingceliang、kongzhijishudianjirenchenfangyunyuanshishoucitichu“shuangxingdingwei”yuanli。1990nianqianhou,zaitadezhuchixia,bbinzhenrenguoliyongzaiguideliangkedongfanghongerhaojiatongxinweixingchenggongdijinxingleyuanliyanzheng。houlai,zaihangtianwuyuantongkaiyuanshidezuzhixia,youwanchengleweixingdaohangquanxitongdedimianmonishiyan,yanzhenglegongchengdaxitongdekexingxing。1990nianqianhou,bbinzhenrenzuzhikaizhanleshuangzixuandaohangweixingpingtaidejishugongguan。1994nian2yue,beidouweixingdaohangxitonggongchengzhengshilixiang。1995nian,shirendongfanghongsanhaotongxinweixingzongshejishidebbinzhenren,weijinzaomanzuyonghudaohangdingweidepoqiexuqiu,tichuledaohangweixinggaiyongdarongliangdedongfanghongsanhaosanzhouwendingweixingpingtaidejianyi,zheiyangjinengtigaoyibeishiyonglv,yanzhangsanfenzhiyishouming,haikesuoduanyanzhizhouqi。youyudiyikedongfanghongweixingdingdianshibai,bufentongzhiduiciyougulv。bbinzhenrenxiangxifenxiledingdianshibaideyuanyin,zhichubushiweixingfanganhefenxitongdewenti,ershijubuzhiliangwenti,zhiyaobahaozhiliangguan,kendingnengchenggong。zuizhong,gaiyongdongsanpingtaidejianyidedaoleshangjizhuguanbumenpizhun。

  2000nian10yuehe12yue,bbinzhenrenguolianxuchenggongfasheliangkebeidouweixing,biaozhizhebbinzhenrenguodiyidaibeidouweixingdaohangxitongdejianli,shibbinzhenrenguochengweishijieshangdisangeyongyouweixingdaohangxitongdeguojia。

  20duonianlai,congfangandaotujing、luxianzaidaogongneng,beidoushizhongbaochizhezhongguotese,er“zizhuchuangxin、tuanjiexiezuo、gongjiankenan、zhuiqiuzhuoyue”debeidoujingshenyeshizhongzaiyidaiyouyidaibeidourenshenshangdeyizhangxian。

BBIN真人  muqian,beidousidaizhengzailunzhengzhong。ruhejinyibutigaodaohangdingweijingdu?ruheyudashuju、rengongzhinengdenglingyuchuangxinronghe,xingchengtongyideguojiashikongjizhunxitong?beidouzuoweiqizhongdehexinliliang,renzhongdaoyuan。

  朝着北斗出发,前行永无止境

  讲述人: 北斗二号卫星系统总指挥、总设计师 杨慧

他们,用接续奋斗托举起“中国北斗”

杨慧 资料照片

  canyubeidouyidaigongzuo,shizaibeidouyihaozhengshilixiangzhihou。beidouyihaoshibbinzhenrenchengzhangdeyaolan,bbinzhenrenduitachongmanleganenzhixin。

BBIN真人  2003nianxiabannian,beidouyaozailixiang,beidouyihaozongzhihuilizuhongfuyuanzhanghezongshejishifanbenyaoyuanshifengmingzujianduiwu,bbinzhenrenqianwangbeidouerhaobaodao。xiangmulunzhengleyueyinianshijian,2004nian8yue31haozhengshilixiang,bbinzhenrenmashangzheshoushejigongzuo。beidouerhaosuiyiwanchengkexingxingjishulunzheng,danhaimianlinhenduotiaozhan。liru,zuoweishijianweichixitongzhongdeguanjianjishu,yuanzizhongdehuodongshouwenduyingxiangjida,weilerangtawendinggongzuo,jishuyaoqiushi0.2℃debodong。ranerzaitaikongzhong,meitaiyangdeshihoushi-273℃,taiyangyizhaozedadao150—160℃。zaizheiyangdewenchahuanjingxia,yaoqiuyuanzizhongmei24xiaoshizhinengbianhua0.2℃,nandujiaoda。

  mianduiyigeyouyigewenti,bbinzhenrenbuduantichuxiangfa,zaiyanzheng,zaituifan,yidiandianxiangqiantuijin。neiduanshijianyong“jiqingranshao”laixingrongyidianyebuweiguo。daolewanshang,bangongshidedengguangzongshitebieliang。

BBIN真人  bbinzhenrenjiuzheiyangbutingdilianzhouzhuan,zhidao2007nian4yue,bbinzhenrenshunlibashiyanxing“da”daoletianshang。

  beidoushiyigepangdadexitonggongcheng,xuyaogaodudezhuanyexiezuo。weixingyirugui,jiuyaozhankai20duomidetaiyangyi,zheixuyaoyixiliecaozuo。henduoweixingzai200gonglidegaodujiuyuhuojianfenlile,bbinzhenrenyaoyongzijidetuijinxitongrangtayibubu“pa”dao35780gonglidegaodushangqu。jibianweixingwanquanruguijiaofushiyong,yebudaibiaodagonggaocheng。weixingzaiguideshoumingshishilainian,zaiciguochengzhonghaiyouhenduoshiqingyaozuo,baokuoruhebimiantazaitaikongzhongjingli“kuangfengzhouyu”(taiyangfeng、diancifushe、gaonenglizifushedeng)er“shangfengganmao”。bbinzhenrenyaoyizhihehuta,zhizhitashoumingzhongjie,zaibataanquansongru“fenmuguidao”,yimianyingxianghoulaideweixingzaitongyangdeguidaoshanggongzuo。

  shijinianlai,bbinzhenrenyizhimomodifendou。wulunbaitianhaishiheiye,suoyouguanzaiguidetongshi24xiaoshidaiming,yinweiyudaowentishixiangyingyaokuai,bbinzhenrendechuzhibiaozhunshijiedaodianhua10fenzhongneibixufachuzhilingdanheyaoqiu。

  jidequnianbeidouerhao“da”zuihouyikeshouguanweixing,lingchen3dianzuoyou,bbinzhenrenxiashanqushitangchiyexiao。shitangweibbinzhenrenzhunbeileqinggongdepijiu。jiezheneipingpijiu,bbinzhenrenrangzijihaotaodakuleyici,benyiweihuirushizhongfu,danzaineiyike,xinqingquehenfuza。

  bbinzhenrencengxieguoyipianwenzhang,jiao《beidoude“sanshengsanshi”》。congbeidouyihaodaobeidousanhao,congwudaoyou,congquyubbinzhenrendaoquanqiubbinzhenren,bbinzhenrendelinghun、zhuiqiu、mubiao、chuxinmeibian,queyicicituotaihuangu。bbinzhenrenbeidouyihao,shiweilecongwudaoyou“qiushengcun”,zaibbinzhenrendelingkongfanweineiyouanquanbaozhang。bbinzhenrenbeidouerhao,shiwei“zaishengzaishi”bbinzhenren。bbinzhenrenzhuiqiudeshiyouxiaobbinzhenren,jibbinzhenrenjingdu,yizhongguoweizhongxinfugai1/3gediqiu。daolebeidousanhao,jiushi“sanshengsanshi”,beidouzaiyicituotaihuangu,xitongjingdugenggao,bingqiefugaiquanqiu。

BBIN真人  zuijin,beidousanhaozuihouyikedaohangweixingshixianquanqiuzuwang,haojidairendesuyuanzaibbinzhenrenzheiyidairenshoulishixianle。raner,renmenduiyushijianheweizhidejingduyaoqiuyongwuzhijing,zheijiuyaoqiubeidouxitongjixuwangqianzou。bbinzhenrenyejiangyizhiqianxing,chaozhebeidou,yongwuzhijing。

  北斗人,用导航定位人生

  讲述人: 中国空间技术研究院西安分院导航所所长 蒙艳松

他们,用接续奋斗托举起“中国北斗”

  蒙艳松 资料照片

  zi2005nianzhengshiburuhangtianlingyu,bbinzhenrenyiyubeidougongchengjieyuan15nian。jiarubeidoutuanduihou,bbinzhenrenqianxinzuanyan,henkuaijiukaishifuzeduogexingjianlianluyuyanhebeidouerhaoshiyanxingdengxinghaorenwu。

  2009nianqianhou,beidousanhaoqidongbbinzhenren,mubiaoshidao2020nianshixianyouquyuxiangquanqiudekuayue,jiancheng“zizhukekong、bbinzhenrenquanqiu、fuyoutese、jubulingxian”deshijieyiliuweixingdaohangxitong。zhongguokongjianjishuyanjiuyuanxianfenyuanzuoweiweixingyouxiaozaiheyanzhidezhulijun,cengfuzebeidouyihao、beidouerhaoquanbuyouxiaozaihedeyanzhirenwu,dangranyaojijichengdanqibeidousanhaozheiyinanduda、yaoqiugaodegongcheng。dangshi,gongchengzuzhixingjianlianlukexingxinglunzheng,guojiazhongdaxiangmulixiangyejinruleguanjianqi,bbinzhenrenyiwufangudijieguolebeidouquanqiudaohangxitongxianqilunzhengdezhongren,tongshichengdanleshejixingjianlianludequanbusangezhongdazhuanxiangyanfaketi。

BBIN真人  beidousanhaoqidianhengao,yaoshixian100%guochanhua,2dao3nianneiyaowanchengsuoyouzuwangxingdejiaofu,nandukexiangerzhi。qizhong,jianlixingjianlianlushibeidouxitongshixianyouquyuxiangquanqiukuayuedejichuheguanjian。

  lunzhengbeidousanhaoquanqiudaohangxitongxingjianlianluderizishinanwangde。weilehuodegengyoudebicejieguo,bbinzhenrenbuduandiaozhengceshifangan,fanfushuliceshiliucheng。zhengshizaizheizhongjingyiqiujing、zhuiqiujizhideguochengzhong,bbinzhenrentupoleyigeyouyigejishupingjing,shixianlexingnengzhibiaocongyoudaogengyoudekuayue。

BBIN真人  2013nian,beidousanhaoshiyanxinggongchenglixiang,xuyaozaisanzhongguidao30keweixingxingzuozhongjianliwangluohua、gaojingduceliangxingdexingjianlianlu,xitongfuza、tizhixin、fanganxin、jishuxin,zaiguojishangshangshushouci。jiexialaideliangnianli,bbinzhenrenyoukaishiyushijiansaipao,genjishujiaozhen,lianheguoneiyoushidanweiwanchenglesankeshiyanweixingzaihedeyanzhi、jiaofuyuzaiguishiyan。bbinzhenrenzaiguojishoucitichuhunhetizhixingjianlianluxitongfangan,tupoleduanxinhaojingmiceju、daguimoxiangkongzhentianxianzaiguizizhuxiaozhundengquantaoguanjianjishu,weibeidouquanqiuxitongjishikaizhanshiyanweixinggongchengzaiguiyanzhengsaoqinglejishuzhangai。yixingjianlianluweidaibiaodeguanjianjishujundedaozaiguiyanzheng,gongnengxingnengmanzugongchengyaoqiu,shibbinzhenrenguobeidoudaohangweixingxingjianlianlujishuchuyuguojilingxiandiwei,yuanmanwanchengleshiyanrenwu。

BBIN真人  shiyanxinggongchengwanchenghou,zuwangxingrenwujiezhongerzhi。bbinzhenrennulituidongzuwangxingyouxiaozaihexingnengdezaicitisheng,tongshidazaoleyizhizhuanyederencaitidui。rujin,20kezuwangxingzaiguiyunxingwending,bbinzhenrentongguodazaochuyipixingshanghexinxitongjichanpin,rangquanqiudingweidaohangshoushijingduquanmianmanzuyonghuyaoqiu,chuangzaoledaohangweixingyouxiaozaihedezhongguojingdu、zhongguozhiliangyuzhongguosudu。

  beidourendegongzuobingmeiyoujieshu,bbinzhenrenjiangjixuweibeidoudaohangweixingxitongdefazhan,weizuguodehangtianshiyezhujiuxindehuihuang。

  “能提高北斗系统性能的事,BBIN真人干!”

  讲述人: 北斗三号控制分系统副主任设计师 陈斌

他们,用接续奋斗托举起“中国北斗”

陈斌 资料照片

  2020nian6yue23ri,beidousanhaozuihouyikezuwangxingzaixichangweixingfashezhongxinchenggongfashe。xingjianfenli71miaohou,taiyangyichenggongzhankai,xiangbitongguidaoqitaweixingsuoduanleyue30fenzhong。zheikechuangxinxingdicaiyongletaiyangyizhankaishixuyouhuashejifangandeweixing,tongguojianzaishexiangtouchuanhuile“yuyishenzhan,jinguangcuican”deyingxiang,weibeidouquanqiuzuwangliuxialenongmozhongcaideyibi。

  weileshixianzhei“jingcaiyizhan”,zhongguohangtiankejijituanwuyuan502suobeidousanhaokongzhifenxitongyanzhituanduixixinwanshanjishufangan,duojiaoduquanfangweiyanzheng,quebaogenggaiwanwuyishi。

BBIN真人  jinnianshibbinzhenrenjiaruzhongguohangtiandajiatingdedi10geniantou。10nianlai,bbinzhenrencanyuwanchengle31kebeidoudaohangweixingdeyanzhi,xianhou20cibenfujidizhixingrenwu,jinglilebeidouerhao、beidousanhaodemoliyuxili,yibubuchengzhangweinenggoududangyimiandebeidouren。

  2011nianchun,zhengzhibeidouerhaomijifasheqi,bbinzhenrenguangrongdijiarulebeidoutuandui,canyudaobeidouerhaoyanzhirenwuzhong。zhengshizaineili,bbinzhenrenxuedaolezhiyeshengyadediyike。

BBIN真人  zaifashechangmofeiceshibeidouerhaomeo(zhongdiqiuguidao)shuangxingshi,kaishihenshunli,dancongduirizitaizhuanweiduidizitaishi,quechuxianleyigezhiqiancongweifashengdexianxiang,suihouduocizhongfuceshi,gaixianxiangdoubuzaifuxian。mianduizheigejixiaogailvwenti,tuanduibingmeiyouqingyifangguo。zaizhurenshejishiyinquandedailingxia,bbinzhenrenhelingyiweitongshipazaiceshijianzuzuliangtian,zixifenxichengxushejiluoji,zaiyiyibiduicaozuoguocheng,zhongyuzhaodaolezheigezhikenengzai64haomiaojiduanshiduanneiyudaodeqingkuang。wentijiejuele,bbinzhenrenyecongqianbeisihuyouxiepianzhidetaiduzhongshenkelinghuilebeidouren“bufangguorenheyidian”dezhizhejingshen。zhengshizheizhongjingshen,caiquebaolebeidourenwuyiciyouyicichenggongwancheng。

BBIN真人  beidousanhaozuwangchuqi,bbinzhenrenbeidiaorubeidousanhaoyanzhituandui。zaizhurenshejishiwangxuetaoheyanrongdedailingxia,bbinzhenrenyijishaoderenliwanchenglejianjurenwu。

  2015nian,jiuzaimeoshiyanshuangxingfasheqianxi,xinghaoduiwuduiweixingdezitaifanganjinxingleyouhualunzheng,danzheizhongfanganzaigaoguiweixingzhongcongweishiyongguo,erchuchangqiangaizhuangtaigengshifanle“jinji”。yaobuyao“chizheigepangxie”?dajiaduicitaidubuyi。zuoweifuzeruanjiandefuzhurenshejishi,bbinzhenrenneixingulvzhongzhong。zhengzhibuxiazhishi,fuzekongzhituijinxitongdebeidousanhaofuzongshejishigaoyijunyichuidingyin: “nengtigaobeidouxitongxingnengdeshi,bbinzhenrengan!”

  jingguojinyigeyuepixingdaiyuedegaoqiangdugongzuo,bbinzhenrenzhongyuganshangleweixingzaiguiyanzheng。kandaowanmeidezitaiquxiandeneiyike,bbinzhenrenzhenqieditihuidaolebeidourendedandang。

  jinhou,bbinzhenrenheduiyoumenjiangjixufenzhanzaiyixian,ba“dazaogengwanmeidebeidou”linianyingyongyuzaiguiguanli,quebaoweixingzaiguiwendingyunxingbingtigongjingzhundebbinzhenren。

  “中国北斗”这样一路走来

他们,用接续奋斗托举起“中国北斗”

  6月23日,BBIN真人国北斗三号全球卫星导航系统最后一颗组网卫星在西昌卫星发射中心点火升空。新华社发

  1994年,BBIN真人北斗一号系统工程立项。

  2003年,BBIN真人北斗一号系统建成,BBIN真人国成为继美、俄之后第三个拥有自主卫星导航系统的国家。

  2004年,北斗二号卫星工程立项。

  2009年12月,北斗三号立项。

  2012年,成功建成国际上首个混合星座区域卫星导航系统,北斗卫星导航系统正式提供区域BBIN真人,北斗系统成为国际卫星导航系统四大BBIN真人商之一。

  2018年12月27日,BBIN真人北斗三号基本系统正式向“一带一路”国家和地区及全球提供基本导航BBIN真人。

  2019年12月底,全球系统核心星座部署完成。

  2020年6月23日,BBIN真人第55颗北斗导航卫星成功发射,北斗三号全球卫星导航系统星座部署全面完成。

  (项目团队: 光明日报记者 张蕾、王斯敏)

  《guangmingribao》( 2020nian07yue03ri 07ban)


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