BBIN真人

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晋祠: 跨越千年的历史之美、文化之美

发布时间: 2019-07-21 14:43:03|来源:BBIN真人_bbin真人游戏-官网APP下载

  BIANZHEAN

  6YUE,“RENWENQINGHUAJIANGTAN”TEBIEJIEMU《CHUANYUESHIJIANDEJULI,GENSUILIANGSICHENGLINHUIYINTANXUNZHONGGUOGUDAIJIANZHU》ZOUJINTAIYUANJINCI。JINCISHIZHONGGUOZUIZAODECIMIAOJIANZHUQUN,BUJINSHIMEILUNMEIHUANDEYUANLIN,YESHIYIYUNSHENHOUDEWENHUABOWUGUAN。

BBIN真人  XUEHUIXINSHANGYOUXIUCHUANTONGWENHUAZHIMEI,SHIJIANLIWENHUAZIXINDESHOUYAOTIAOJIAN。RUHEXINSHANGYOUXIUCHUANTONGWENHUAZHIMEI?“RENWENQINGHUAJIANGTAN”DEZHUANJIAXUEZHEDAILINGGUANZHONGZOUJINJINCI,LINGLVEYANXUQIANNIANDEGUDAIJIANZHUQUNDUOMIANZHIMEI。

BBIN真人  JIAJUN QINGHUADAXUEJIANZHUXUEYUANJIAOSHOU、BOSHISHENGDAOSHI、GUOJIAYIJIZHUCEJIANZHUSHI、QINGHUADAXUETUSHUGUANJIANZHUFENGUANGUANZHANG、《JIANZHUSHI》ZHUBIAN,ZHUYAOCONGSHIZHONGWAIJIANZHULISHIHEWENHUAYICHANBAOHULINGYUDEJIAOXUE、YANJIUYUSHEJIGONGZUO,CHUBANZHUANZHU7BU,FABIAOLUNWEN100YUPIAN,ZHUCHIGUOJIAZIRANKEXUEJIJIN4XIANG、BEIJINGSHIZIRANKEXUEJIJIN1XIANG、JIANZHUSHEJIYUGUIHUAXIANGMU20YUXIANG,CENGJINGHUODEJIAOYUBUZIRANKEXUEERDENGJIANG、ZHONGHUAYOUXIUCHUBANWUTUSHUJIANG、BEIJINGSHIYOUXIUGUIHUASHEJIJIANG。

BBIN真人  ZHANGXIAOQIN QINGHUADAXUEXINWENYUCHUANBOXUEYUANJIAOSHOU,“RENWENQINGHUAJIANGTAN”ZHIPIANREN,BENCHANGYANJIANGCEHUAREN、ZHUCHIREN。

  “不肯失之交臂”的晋祠

  JINCISHIZHONGGUOXIANCUNZUIGULAODECIMIAOJIANZHUQUN,WEIYUTAIYUANXINANJIAODEXUANWENGSHANDONGCESHANJIAOXIA。

BBIN真人  ZHEILISHIJINSHUIDEFAYUANDI,GUER《SHANHAIJING》JIZAI: “XUANWENGZHISHAN,JINSHUICHUYAN。”JINCIDEQIANSHEN,SHIGONGFENGZHOUCHENGWANGDEDIDI、JINGUOSHIFENGZHUHOUTANGSHUYUDECIMIAO,YOUWENXIANRENWEISHIJIANYUHANDAI,MUQIANKEJIANDEQUEQIEJIZAIJIANYU1500NIANQIANBEIWEILIDAOYUANDEMINGZHU《SHUIJINGZHU》: “JISHANZHENSHUI,YOUTANGSHUYUCI。”QIHOUYOULIJINGBEIQI、SUI、TANG、WUDAI、SONG、JIN、YUAN、MING、QINGDENGGECHAODEZHONGXIUHEKUOJIAN,XINGCHENGLEYIGEDIANTANGLOUGE、TINGTAIXUANXIEJUQUANDEPANGDAJIANZHUQUN,JISIDEZHUSHENYEYOUTANGSHUYUBIANWEI“JINYUANZHISHEN”SHENGMU,HAIYOUQITAZHONGDUODESHENLINGHELISHIRENWUFUSI。

  1934NIANXIA,ZHUMINGJIANZHUXUEJIALIANGSICHENG、LINHUIYINFUFULIKAIBEIJINGFUSHANXIFENYANGKAOCHAGUJIANZHU,CHENGCHELUGUOTAIYUAN。LIANGLINJIUYANGJINCISHIDANGDIYIDAMINGSHENG,DANGENJUYIWANGJINGYAN,SHENZHI“ZUISHI‘MINGSHENG’RONGYIZAO‘ZHONGXIU’DEDAHUIHUAI,YUANYOUJIANZHUGUZUINANDEBAOCUN”,YINCIYUANJIHUABINGWEIDASUANQUTANFANG。DANGSHIQICHEYILUDIANBO,LAIDAOTAIYUANCHENGWAIYUE25GONGLIDEDIFANG,SHANGLEYIGEXIAOSHANPO,CHECHUANGQIAHAODUIZHEJINCIDEBEIMIAN,ZHENGDIANDECEYINGJINRUSHIXIANZHIZHONG,“KUIWEIDEDIANDING,XIONGDADEDOUGONG,SHENYUANDECHUYAN,WEIWEIZAIWANG,FEICHANGXINGMU”,ER“JINCIQUANBUDEBUZHI,ZEYINYOUSHUMUKANBUQINGCHU,DANFANWEIBUXIAO,QUEYESHIYIWANGKEZHI”,ZHEIRANGLIANGLINERRENDAWEIJINGTAN。

BBIN真人  YIGEYUEZHIHOU,LIANGRENCONGFENYANGHUILAI,ZAICIJINGGUOJINCISHI,“WULUNRUHEBUKENSHIZHIJIAOBEI”,BIANTUOZHECHENZHONGDEXINGLI,“DAIZHEYIBUZUO、ERBUXIUDEPINMINGXINLI,XIALENEIJIDAOSHUIXIEBUTONGDEGONGGONGQICHE”,DUIJINCIZUOLEXIANCHANGKAOCHA,BINGZAI《JINFENGUJIANZHUYUCHAJILVE》YIWENZHONGJIAYIJILU,SHOUCICONGXUESHUJIAODUXIANGSHIRENCHENGXIANJINCIDEWEIDAYUJINGMIAO。

  中轴之美

BBIN真人  JINCIJIANZHUQUNDEHEXINQUXIYIXUANWENGSHAN,FENWEIZHONG、BEI、NANSANLU。ZHONGLUSHIQUANCIDEJINGHUASUOZAI,ZIDONGXIANGXIXINGCHENGYITIAOMINGXIANDEZHONGZHOUXIAN,RENGONGSHUIQUZHIBOQUYINGRAOZUOYOU。

BBIN真人  SHANMENWEIXINZHONGGUOCHENGLIHOUZHONGXIU,QIXIJIWEISHUIJINGTAI,XIUJIANYUMINGQINGSHIQI,“SHUIJING”ERZIYUANZI《HANSHU·HANANGUOCHUAN》ZHONG“QINGSHUIMINGJING,BUKEYIXINGTAO”DEDIANGU。CITAISHIWEIXITAI,YUZHENGDIANYAOYAOXIANGDUI,JIANZHUZAOXINGHENBIEZHI,YOUBUTONGSHIQISUOJIANDELIANGZUOFANGZIZUHEERCHENG: DONGBUFENGBI,XIANGDANGYUHOUTAI,CAIYONGZHONGYANXIESHANWUDING;XIBUKAICHANG,SHIBIAOYANDEWUTAI,CAIYONGJUANPENGXIESHANWUDING,ZHUANGSHIHENHUALI。DANGNIANZHEIZUOXITAISHANGCENGJINGSHANGYANGUOHENDUOJINGCAIDEXIJU,CHULEQIANLAIJISIDERENQUNZHIWAI,GENGZHONGYAODEGUANZHONGSHIYISHENGMUWEISHOUDEZHONGDUOSHENLING。RUGUOZHUANGUOSHENLAI,ZHANZAIXITAIQIANXIANGXIKAN,YEXUKEYIJIANGZHENGGEJINCIDETINGYUANKANZUOSHILINGYIGEJUDADEXITAI,YITIANWEIMU,YISHANWEIPING,GESHIGEYANGDEGUJIANZHUYUSHUIQUAN、GUMUGONGTONGYANYICHUYICHANGGENGWEIHUIHONGDEDAXI,MIANYANQIANZAI,YUYINNIAONIAO。

  SHUIJINGTAIXIWEIHUIXIANQIAO,HENGKUAZAIZHIBOQUSHANG。ZAIXIWEIJINRENTAI,TAIZHISIYUGELIYIZUNBEISONGYUANYOU、SHAOSHENGNIANJIANSUOZAODETIEZHUSHENJIANG,QIZHONGDONGBEIJIAODEYIZUNWEI1913NIANBUZHU,QIYUSANZUNWEISONGDAIYUANWU,YIXINANJIAONEIZUNWEIZUIHAO。TAIZHONGYANGYOUYIZUOHOUSHISUOJIANDE4MIGAODELIULIDINGXIAOLOU。

  JINRENTAIZHIXIWEIDAXINGPAIFANGDUIYUEFANG,MINGDAIWANLIWUNIAN(1577NIAN)XIUZAO,FANGZUOYOUFENBIEWEIWANLISANSHISINIAN(1606NIAN)SUOJIANDEZHONGLOUHEGULOU。MINGDAIXIHUANJIANPAIFANG,DANXIANCUNDEYIWUYISHIPAIFANGJUDUO,MUPAIFANGXIANGDUIHANJIAN。“DUIYUE”ERZICHUZI《SHIJING》,QU“XUANYANGCHENGSONG”ZHIYI,YICIBIAODADUISHENLINGDEZUNFENG。ZHEIZUOPAIFANGWANRULONGZHONGDEYIZHANG,YEKEYIKANZUOSHIYIGEYOUHENGFANGHELIZHUZUHEERCHENGDEHUAKUANG,JIANGRENMENDESHIXIANJIZHONGYUFANGHOUDELITIHUAMIAN,ZENGJIALEGUANJINGCENGCI。

  DUIYUEFANGHOUWEIXIANDIAN,SANKAIJIANXIESHANDINGDIANYU,JINDAIDADINGBANIAN(1168NIAN)XINGJIAN,MINGDAIWANLIERSHIERNIAN(1594NIAN)XIUQI,JIEGOUJINGZHI,YOURULIANGTING,SIMIANKAICHANG,WANQUANBUSHEWEIQIANG,YIZHILINGMUZHALANWEIHE,ZHEIZHONGSHESHIZAIBEISONG《YINGZAOFASHI》ZHONGCHENGWEI“CHAZI”。CIDIANSHIMIANDUIZHENGDIANBAIFANGJIPINDEXIANJICHANGSUO,XIANGDANGYUFANGDADEGONGZHUO。ZHONGGUOGUJIANZHUZHUYAOYIKAOMUJIEGOUDELIANGZHUTIXILAIZHICHENG,JUEDADUOSHUQINGKUANGXIA,QIANGBINGBUCHENGZHONG,YINCIMINJIANYOU“QIANGDAOWUBUTA”DEYANYU,ZHEIZUOMEIYOUQIANGBIDEXIANDIAN,QIAHAOYINZHENGLEZHEIGETEDIAN。

  XIANDIANXIWEIYUZHAOFEILIANG,FANGXINGSHUICHI,SHANGJIANSHIZIXINGQIAOLIANG——“YUZHAO”JIYUCHI,“FEI”SHIKUAYUEDEYISI,“LIANG”SHIQIAODEGUCHENG。《SHUIJINGZHU》ZHONGCENGTIJIBEIWEISHIQIZHEILIJIUJIANYOUYIZUO“YUZHAOFEILIANG”,XIANCUNZHEXIUJIANYUBEISONGSHIQI,SHIQUANGUOWEIYIDEGULI,YISHIZHIDEBALENGZHUHEMUZHIDEDOUGONGLAICHENGTUODONGXIHENGPING、NANBEIXIESHENGDEQIAOSHEN。

  ZHONGLUZUIHOUYIZUOJIANZHUWEISHENGMUDIAN,CHUANGJIANYUBEISONGTIANSHENGNIANJIAN(1023NIANYI1032NIAN),JUJINDAYUEZHENGHAOYIQIANNIANDESHIJIAN。ZHEISHIYIZUOMIANKUOQIJIAN、JINSHENLIUJIANDEZHONGYANXIESHANDINGDADIAN,CHONGHONGWEIE,ZHUANGLIXIUMEI,WEIBBINZHENRENGUOGUDAIMUGOUJIANZHUZHONGDEJIEZUO。DIANSHENZHOUWEISHEYIQUANKUANKUODEWEILANG,QIZHONGQIANLANGYOULIANGJIANZHIKUAN,XIANDETEBIEKAICHANGTONGTOU,XIYINRENMENZAICIZHUZUGUANJING。BAGENYANZHUSHANGDIAOYOUPANLONGXINGXIANG,ANGSHOUGUPAN,JIONGJIONGYOUSHEN,YANXIADEDOUGONGSHUMIYOUZHI,FUYOUYUNLVGAN,HAOXIANGYIZHIZHISHOUZHANGCHENGTUOZHEXUANTIAODEWUYAN,YOUHAOXIANGSHIZHANFANGDEHUADUO。SONGDAIJIANGDOUGONGCHENGZUO“PUZUO”,YIZUDOUGONGCHENGWEI“YIDUOPUZUO”。

  ZUOWEIYIZUODIANXINGDESONGDAIJIANZHU,SHENGMUDIANDEWUYANCHENGXIANCHUYIDAOYOUMEIDEHUXIAN,WUJIAOGAOGAOQIAOQI,WEIEZHONGXIANCHUSONGDAITEYOUDEWANZHUANXIUMEIZHIFENG,JIBUTONGYUTANGDAIDEGANGJINGXIONGJIAN,YEBUTONGYUMINGQINGDEJUJINXINI。

  SHENGMUDIANDIANNEIGONGFENGSHENGMUSUXIANGHESISHIDUOZUNSHINVXIANG,CHULELIANGZUNMINGDAIBUSUZHIWAI,DOUSHISONGDAIYUANSU,MIZUZHENGUI。ZHEIXIESUXIANGXINGTAIGEYI,XUXURUSHENG,BEIRENWEISHISONGDAIGONGTINGSHENGHUODEZHENSHIXIEZHAO。DUIYUSHENGMUDEYUANXINGLILAIYOUBUTONGDESHUOFA,DADUOSHURENRENWEISHITANGSHUYUDEMUQINYIJIANG。SHENXIANGZUOZAIMUZHISHENKANZHONG,TOUDAIFENGGUAN,SHENPIMANGPAO,MIANRONGDUANZHUANG。SHINVMENPINGJUNSHENGAOYUE1MI6,KANSHANGQUNIANLINGJIEYU16SUIZHI40SUIZHIJIAN,CHUANZHESONGDAICHANGJIANDEXIULUOQUN、BANBEI、BEIZIDENGFUSHI,SHOUZHONGFENBIEPENGZHEWENYIN、YINSHIQIMINHESHUZHUANGYONGJU,YICIBIAOMINGGEZIDESHENFEN。JINGJUBIAOYANYISHUJIAMEILANFANGXIANSHENGZUIXIHUANBEICEYIZUNWEIWEIDITOUDESHINVXIANG,ZHENGMIANSHIHANXIAODEBIAOQING,DANCEMIANYOUDIANBEIQI,TARENWEI“YIPINYIXIAOSISUSHENGPING”。ZHEIXIEWENROUDESHINVXIANGHEJINRENTAISHANGGANGJIANDETIEZHUSHENJIANGXINGCHENGXIANMINGDUIBI,XIANGYINGCHENGQU。

BBIN真人  WEILEBAOZHENGZUGOUDELIBAIKONGJIAN,SHENGMUDIANNEIBUSHEZHUZI,TONGSHIYEBUSHETIANHUABAN,JIANGJIAGONGJINGXIDEMUGOULIANGJIAQUANBUXIANLUCHULAI,ZHEIZHONGZUOFAZAI《YINGZAOFASHI》ZHONGJIAOZUO“CHESHANGMINGZAO”,XIANDETEBIEGANJINGLILUO。

  SHENGMUDIANZUOYOUFENBIEWEISANKAIJIANDEMIAOYITANGHETAITAIMIAO,FANGFOSHIZHENGDIANDELIANGWEISHICONG,JINGJINGDIZHANLIZAILIANGPANG。TAITAISHICHUANSHUOZHONGSHANGGUSHAOHAOSHIZHIZI,YUDAYUYIYANGSHIZHISHUIDEYINGXIONG。

  南北两路

  JINCIBEILUJIANZHUDUOSUIDIXINGZHANKAI,MIANNANBEIBEI。ZUIDONGKAOJINRUKOUCHUYOUJIASHAN,BEIWEIWENCHANGGONG,QIANLONGSANSHIBANIAN(1773NIAN)KUOJIAN,ZHENGMIANZHUDONGSANXUE,WEIQIXIANCI。DONGSHANGJIANSANKAIJIANJIANZHU,JIWEIWENCHANGGE,GONGFENGZHUGUANWENYUNDEWENCHANGDIJUN,ZUOYOUWEIPINGTAIYOULANG。

  WENCHANGGONGZHIXIWEIDONGYUECI,ZHENGDIANSANJIAN,XUANSHANDING,XUAN“ZHIMINGLIYOU”BIAN,QIANYOUYIDANJIANXIESHANXIAOXUAN。DONGYUECIXIWEIHAOTIANSHENCI,FENLIANGJINYUANLUO,GUANDIMIAOJUQIANYUAN,SANQINGDONGJUHOUYUAN,DONGSHANGWEIYUHUANGGE。HAOTIANSHENCIQIANMIANYOUYIZUODULIDEXIAOXITAI,ZHENGDUICIMEN。

  ZAIXIWEITANGSHUYUCI,YEYONGYOULIANGJINYUANLUO,YUANDAIZHONGJIAN,MINGQINGSHIQICENGJINGZHONGXIU。DAMENSANJIAN,XUANSHANDING。QIANYUANYOUXIANGDIANSANJIAN,XIESHANDING,LIANGCEWEIBEILANG。HOUYUANZHENGDIANWUJIAN,XIESHANDING,QIANYANDAIYOUFUJIE,WAIGUANXINGSIZHONGYAN,QIGOUJIADAIYOUDIANXINGDEYUANDAIJIANZHUTEZHENG。DIANNEIGONGFENGTANGSHUYUXIANG,DIANQIANYOUDONGXIPEIDIANGESANJIAN。CIDAMENDONGCEYOUCHENLIETANGDAIYUBEIDEXIAOTING,XICEYOUSONGSHUITINGHEBAJIAOXINGDESHANLIQUANTING。

BBIN真人  BEIBUZUIHOUYANSHANPOJIANYOUYIZUJIANZHU,QIAOJIESHANSHI,CUOLUOYOUZHI。YANSHIDENGSHIJIERSHANG,YICIYOUCHAOYANGDONG、YUNTAODONG、KAIYUANDONG、DAIFENGXUAN、SANTAIGE、DUSHUTAI、LVXIANGE、LAOJUNDONGDENGJIANZHU。

BBIN真人  JINCINANLUZUIDONGYOUSHENGYINGLOU,ERCENGSANJIAN,XIESHANDING,LOUSHANGKAICHANG,FENGZHIGAOSHUANG。LOUXIBEIZHIBOQUSHANGYOUYIZUOSANKAIJIANDELIUBIXIE,ZUOYOUGEDAIXIAOXIESANJIAN,YOUMINGBAIHETING。PANGBIANDESHUANGKONGXIAOQIAOMINGJIAOGUAXUEQIAO,MEIFENGXUETIAN,QIAOSHENJINGYINGRUYUDIAO,HAOCHENG“SHUANGQIAOGUAXUE”。

  SHENGYINGLOUXINANYOUSANSHENGCIHETONGLETING,SANSHENGCIZHONGGONGFENGYAOWANG、ZHENJUNHELONGWANG,TONGLETINGXIANPIWEIFUSHANJINIANGUAN。NANCEYOUZIQIAOCI,WEIMINGDAIWENCHENWANGQIONGWEIJINIANXIANZUTAIZIJINSUOJIAN。

  QUBIANYOUZHENQUTING,TINGXIAYOUXIERDONG,JUNWEI1917NIANSUOJIAN,SHUISHANGYOUBUXIZHOUXIAOTINGHEXIAOSHIQIAO。BUXIZHOUZHIXIWEIBAJIAOXINGDENANLAOQUANTING,MINGDAIJIAJINGNIANJIANZHONGJIAN。TINGXIWEIERCENGDESHUIMULOU,LOUXIAZHUDONGSANXUE,LOUSHANGWEIWUKAIJIANXIESHANJIANZHU。CILOUCHUANGJIANYUMINGDAIJIAJINGSISHIERNIAN(1563NIAN),QINGDAIDAOGUANGERSHISINIAN(1644NIAN)ZHONGXIU,NEIGONGTONGZHISHUIMUXIANG。SHUIMULOUZHIBEIDESHANPOSHANGYOUQINGDAISUOJIANDEGONGSHUZICI,ZHENGDIANSANJIAN,GONGFENGGUDAIMINGJIANGGONGSHUBAN——JIUSHICHUANSHUOZHONGDAMINGDINGDINGDEJIANGMENZUSHIYELUBAN。

  JINCIHEXINQUZHIWAIHAIYOURUOGANGUJIANZHU,QIZHONGZUIZHONGYAODESHINANBIANDESHIFANGFENGSHENGSHANSI。1949NIANXINZHONGGUOCHENGLIZHIHOU,DANGHEZHENGFUDUIJINCIDEBAOHUGAODUZHONGSHI,1961NIANZHENGSHILIEQIWEIQUANGUOZHONGDIANWENWUBAOHUDANWEI,DUOCIXIUSHANGUJIANZHU,BINGJIAQIANGLEDUIGUSHUMINGMUDEWEIHU,ZENGJIALEXINDELVHUASHESHI,HAIZAIJINCIWAIWEIZHIDONGDEDAPIANQUYUNEIXIUJIANLEJINCIGONGYUAN,CHENGWEIJINCIFENGJINGQUDEYOUJIZUCHENGBUFEN。

  SHIJIANLEIJIERCHENGDEFENGFUXINGYUCANCHAGAN

BBIN真人  DANGNIAN,LIANGSICHENG、LINHUIYINERXIANSHENGZUICHUBUYUANLAIJINCITANFANG,YUANYUYIGEBEIAIDESHISHI: XUDUOMINGSHENGFENGJINGQUZAIBBINZHENRENGUOCHENGZHONG,XIHUANBAJIUFANGZICHAILE,RANHOUQUANPANZHONGJIAN,DAOZHIHENDUOZAOQIJIANZHUNANYIXINGCUN,ZHUYAOCHENGXIANWANQIDEMIANMAO,DAOZHILISHIJIAZHIBUGAO。

BBIN真人  DANJINCISHIYIGEFEICHANGHANJIANDELIWAI。CONGYIQIANNIANQIANDEBEISONGKAISHI,LIJINGJIN、YUAN、MING、QING,YIZHIDAOMINGUO,MEIGESHIQIDOUYOUXIANGDANGLEBUQIDEDAIBIAOXINGJIANZHULIUCUNDAOJINTIAN,ERQIEJIANZHUXINGSHINANGKUOLEDIANTANG、LOUGE、TINGZI、SHUIXIE、PAIFANG、XITAISHENZHIYAODONG,YOUDEHONGWEIZHUANGGUAN,YOUDEXIAOQIAOYIREN,YISHANBANGSHUI,YINDIZHIYI,QIANBIANWANHUA。ZHEIZHONGYINSHIJIANLEIJIERCHENGDEFENGFUXINGHECANCHAGAN,JIQINANYITIDAI。

  YIDALIWEINISIYOUYIZUOSHENGMAKEGUANGCHANG,PINGMIANYOUSANGEBUGUIZEDETIXINGZUCHENG,ZHOUBIANBAOHANDAJIAOTANG、ZONGDUFU、SHIZHENGTING、TUSHUGUAN、ZHONGLOUDENGJIANZHU,BIAOXIANCHUBAIZHANTING、LUOMAN、GETE、WENYIFUXINGSIZHONGBUTONGDELISHIFENGGE,BICIJIANRONGYITI,BEIYUWEI“OUZHOUZUIPIAOLIANGDEKETING”。XIANGJIAOERYAN,JINCIJIANZHUQUNDESHIJIANKUADUGENGZHANG,BIAOXIANCHUDEFENGGETEZHENGGENGWEIDUOYUAN,QUEYOUZUHECHENGFEICHANGHEXIEDEZHENGTI,FANGFOSHISHUSHITONGTANGDEDAJIATING,QILERONGRONG,BISHENGMAKEGUANGCHANGGENGSHENGYICHOU。

  JINCIZAILIDAIKUOJIANGUOCHENGZHONGDOUNENGDUIQIANCHAOJIANZHUBAOCHIGAODUDEZUNZHONG,ZUNXUNTONGYANGDEGUIHUAYUANZE,SHENGMUDIANDEZHONGXINDIWEISHIZHONGDEYITUXIAN,HAOXIANGNIANMAICIXIANGDELAOZUMUGAOZUOTANGSHANG,ZHOUWEIZISUNHUANRAO,JINGRANYOUXU,YIPAIXIANGHE,DUJUYIZHONGLINGRENGANDONGDELISHIFENWEI。

  布局中的山、水、木

  DUIJINCI,LIANGSICHENG、LINHUIYINXIANSHENGPINGJIASHUO: “YIJINLEJINCIDAMEN,NEIYIZHONGSHUOBUCHUDEMEILIHUIYINGDEDAHUAYUAN,SHIBBINZHENRENJINGXIYUYUE,GUOYUCHUSHIDEQIWANG。WUYIMINGZHI,ZHIDEJIAOTAZUOHUAYUAN。QISHIJINCIBUZHIYOUXIANGMIAOGUANDEYUANLUO,YOUXIANGHUALIDEGONGYUAN,QUANBUJIANYOUKAICHANGTANGHUANGDEJUMIANHEQUZHESHENSUIDEYAQU,DADIANLOUGEZAIGUSHUPOSUOCHILIUYINGDAIZHIJIAN,SHIXIANGGEFANGDADESIJIAYUANTING。”

  CHENGRULIANGWEIXIANSHENGSUOYAN,JINCIBUDANSHIZHONGGUOZUIGULAO、ZUIFENGFUDECIMIAOJIANZHUQUN,TONGSHIYESHIZHONGGUOZUIYOUMEIDEGUDIANYUANLINZHIYI。

  ZHONGGUOJUEDADUOSHUDECIMIAODOUCAIYONGDUICHENGDEBUJU,YONGYOUYANJINDEZHONGZHOUXIAN,XIANDESUMUYOUYU,LINGHUOBUZU。JINCIYEYOUZHONGZHOUXIAN,DANBINGFEIZHIXIAN,ERSHIYITIAOWEIMIAODEZHEXIAN,LIANGCEBUJUBAOCHIJUNHENGYOUBUQIANGQIUDUICHENG,YUZHUANGYANZHIZHONGYUNHANZIYOULINGDONGZHIQI。ZHEILIJUEDABUFENJIANZHUWUDECHAOXIANGBUJUYIGE,ZHUTIJIANZHUZUOXICHAODONG,BEILUJIANZHUDADUOZUOBEICHAONAN,NANLUJIANZHUYOUHENDUOSHIZUONANCHAOBEI,ERQIEHENHAODIHESHANPO、GUSHU、SHUIXIRONGHEZAIYIQI,JIANGLIXINGZHIXUHELANGMANQIZHIRONGWEIYITI。

  JIANZHUZHIJIANBUYONGQIANGLAIGEJUE,KONGJIANSHILIUDONGDE,BIXUNCHANGDESIJIAYUANLINXIANDEGENGWEISHULANGKAIKUO,QIDUBUFAN,TONGSHIYOUYOUYIBUHUANJING、QUJINGTONGYOUZHIMIAO。ZHONGZHOUXIANSHANGCHULEZUIDONGDUANSHUIJINGTAIDEDONGBANBUHESHENGMUDIANDEHEXINBUFENSHIFENGBIDEZHIWAI,QITASUOYOUJINGDIANDOUBAOCHITONGTOU。LINGWAI,ZHENGGEJINCITINGYUANFANWEINEIYOUDALIANGKAICHANGDETINGXIE,KONGJIANJINYIBUHUXIANGSHENTOU,ZAIHENDUODIFANGDOUNENGXINSHANGZHOUWEIGENGSHENCENGCIDEJINGSE,JIRENDAILAI“TINGYUANSHENSHENSHENJIXU”DEQIANGLIEGANSHOU。

  SHANXIDIQUBIJIAOQUESHUI。JINCIMEIYOUYIHEYUANNEIYANGDELIAOKUOHUMIAN,YEMEIYOUJIANGNANYUANLINNEIYANGDEFENGYINGQUCHI,QUEYONGXIANGDUIJIAOSHAODESHUIMIANYINGZAOCHUGENGWEIBIEZHIDESHUIJINGXIAOGUO。LIANGHENGXIANSHENGDESANWENMINGPIAN《JINCI》DUIZHEILIDESHUIYOUSHENGDONGDEMIAOXIE: “ZHEILIDESHUI,DUO、QING、JING、ROU。ZAIYUANNEIXINBU,NEILIYIHONGSHENTAN,ZHEILIYITIAOXIAOQU。QIAOXIAYOUHE,TINGZHONGYOUJING,LUBIANYOUXI,SHIJIANYOUXILIUMAIMAI,RUXIANRULV;LINZHONGYOUBIBOSHANSHAN,RUJINRUDUAN。ZHEIMEDUODESHUI,YOUBUZHISHICONGNALIMAOCHUDE,DINGDINGDONGDONG,ZHIWENPEIHUANQIMING,QUEZHAOBUDAOYICHUQUANYAN,YUANLAIBUSHIZANGZAIDIANXIA,JIUSHIYINYUTINGHOU。GENGKEAIDESHISHUIQINGDERANGRENJIAOJUE。WULUNDUOSHENDEQU、TAN、JING,ZHIYAOGUANGXIANHAO,YOUYU、SUISHI,SIWENKEJIAN。ERSHUISHIYOUBUDA,QINGQINGDEBO,JIANGZHANGZHANGDECAOMANLACHENGYILVLVDESI,PUZAIHEDI,GUAZAIANBIAN,HEZHENEIXIEJINYU、QINGTAI、YULANDAOYING,ZHICHENGLEYITIAOTIAODEDAPIAODAI,CHUANTINGRAOXIE,RANRANBUJUE。……NIYANZHESHUIQUSHANGNEITINGTAILOUGE,SHICHANGHUIFACHUZHEIYANGDEZIWEN: PAZHEIJIBAIJIANJIANZHUDOUSHIZAISHUISHANGPIAOZHEDEBA!”

  JINCIZHONGSHUIJINGBAOKUODIANZHUANGDEQUANYAN、XIANZHUANGDESHUIQUHEMIANZHUANGDESHUICHI,ZONGMIANJIBUDA,FENSANBUZHI,JIRENCHUCHUYOUSHUIDEGANJUE。ZHEITAOTIXIBUJINJINSHIHENYOUMEIDESHUIJINGCHUANGZAO,TONGSHIYESHIHENGAOMINGDESHUILISHESHI,CAIQUXIANGDUIJIEJINYUJIHEXINGZHUANGDEFANGSHILAIQIANGDIAORENDUISHUIDEYUESHUHEKONGZHI。

BBIN真人  NANLUDENANLAOQUANHEBEILUDESHANLIQUANZHEILIANGCHUQUANYANSHIJINSHUIDELIANGDAYUANTOU。“NANLAO”CHUZI《SHIJING》ZHONG“YONGXINANLAO”ZHIYU,XINGRONGQUANSHUIYONGYUANSHENGSHENGBUXI,BAOCHIQINGCHE;ER“SHANLI”YUANZILAOZI《DAODEJING》LIDEYIJUHUA: “SHANGSHANRUOSHUI,SHUISHANLIWANWUERBUZHENG”,YISISHI“ZUIGAODESHANJIUXIANGSHUIYIYANG,SHUISHANYUZIRUNWANWUQUECONGLAIBUYUWANWUXIANGZHENG”。ZHIBOQUXIANGSHIYITIAOYUDAI,ZIXINANXIANGDONGBEILIUTANG,WANYANCHANRAO。

  JINCIGONGYOUSANCHUSHUICHI。JIEJINFANGXINGDEYUZHAOSHIJINSHUIDISANGEYUANTOU,TANGSHUYUCIMENQIANYOUYIGEBAJIAOXINGDELIANCHI。NANLAOQUANDEQUANSHUITONGGUOANQU,ZAIJINGGUOYIGELONGTOULIUXIALAI,HUIRUDONGCELINGYIZHANGFANGXINGDESHUICHIZHONG。ZHEIGESHUICHITEYIYONGSHIBAFENGECHENGBUTONGBIAOGAODESHUIMIAN,SHUILIUCENGDIEERXIA,DAILAICHANCHANLIUDONGDEDONGTAIXIAOGUO,LINGRENLIANXIANGQINANSONGZHEXUEJIAZHUXIDESHIJU“WENQUNEIDEQINGRUXU,WEIYOUYUANTOUHUOSHUILAI”。SHUICHIBIANBUXIZHOUDEXINGZHILEISIJIANGNANYUANLINZHONGDEHUAFANG,XIAMIANTAIJIDEBUFENZUODEHENXIANGYISOUCHUANDECHUANTOU。PANGBIANDEXIERDONGYUANZISHANGGUNIANJIANYINSHIXUYOUDECHUANSHUO,TONGSHIYETIXINGYOUZHEZHUYITIYANYUEERDESHUILIUSHENG。

  CHULEJIANZHUHESHUI,JINCIHAIYONGYOUZHONGDUODEGUSHUMINGMU。《SHUIJINGZHU》CENGCHENGCICHUDANGNIAN“ZUOYOUZASHUJIAOYIN,XIJIANXIJING”——YISISHIDAOCHUDOUSHISHU,BAYANGGUANGDOUZHEZHULE。JINCIZHONGZUIGULAODESHUSHIMIAOYITANGQIANDEYIZHUZHOUBO,SHUGANGUILIE,RUCANGSANGDELAOREN,CEWOZAITAIJIEYICE。LINGYOUYIZHUTANGHUAI,SHUGANCUDA,CANGJINGPANQU,ROUZHIWANLV,SHENGJIANGRAN。CIWAIHAIYOUDALIANGDESONG、BO、HUAI、LIUYANYINGZAITINGTAILOUGEZHIJIAN,DAILAINONGMIDELVYIN。

  JINCIBUXIANGHUANGJIAYUANLINHESIJIAYUANLINNEIYANGDUIDIEHENDUOJIASHAN,ERSHIYIXIMIANZHENSHIDEXUANWENGSHANWEIZUIZHONGYAODEBEIJING,BUFENJIANZHUSHUNSHIJIANZAISHANPOSHANG。XUANWENGSHANXINGRUJUWENG,SHANSHANGYOULIUCHUDAXINGSHIKETIZI,SHANYAOCHUJIANYOUWANGCHUANTING,“WANGCHUANQINGXIAO”YIWEIJINCIBAJINGZHIYI。ZAISHANGYOUGUDUSHUTAIYIZHIHEJILEFENGDING,ZHANZAISHANSHANGKEFUKANJINCIQUANJING。

  见证历史

  JINCIZUOWEIYIZUOYUANLINHUADECIMIAOJIANZHUQUN,GEDIANSUOGONGFENGDEDUIXIANGFEICHANGPANGZA,CHONGFENFANYINGLEBUTONGJIECENGDEWENHUA,YASUJIANBEI。ZIBEIWEILIDAOYUANSUOZHU《SHUIJINGZHU》DUIJINCIFENGGUANGJINXINGMIAOHUIZHIHOU,LIDAIWUSHUMINGRENYASHIFENZHITALAI,ZAIJINCILIUXIALETAMENDEZUJI、SHUJIHESHIWEN,HUAWEIBIANEHESHIBEI,CHENGWEIJINCIWENHUAYICHANZHONGBUKEFENGEDEYIGEZUCHENGBUFEN。

  TANGTAIZONGLISHIMINFUZUOQIFULIYUANQIBINGFANSUISHICENGZAIJINCIQIDAO。TANGCHAOJIANLIHOU,LISHIMINYUZHENGUANERSHINIAN(646NIAN)DONGZHENGGAOLIGUILAISHIJIAXINGJINCIYOULAN,QINBIXIEXIA《JINCIZHIMINGBINGXU》,KELISHIBEI,ZHEIJIUSHIXIANCUNDEYUSHUBEI。

  TANGDAIDASHIRENLIBAICENGZAIJINCIYUJUPOJIU,XIEYOUBUSHAOYINYONGJINCIDESHIPIAN,RU《YIJIUYOUJIQIAOJUNYUANCANJUN》SHI: “SHISHICHUXIANGCHENGXIQU,JINCILIUSHUIRUBIYU。”BAIJUYIYOU《HEPEILINGGONGXINKAILONGQUANJINSHUIERCHI》SHIYINYONGJINCIFENGGUANG。

BBIN真人  BEISONGZHENGZHIJIA、WENXUEJIAFANZHONGYANYOUJINCISHIYIYOUSHIZUOLIUCHUAN: “SHENZAISHUYUMIAO,DISHENGCHUJIAQUAN。”BEISONGLINGYIWEIWENXUEJIA、SHIXUEJIAOUYANGXIUCENGZUOYOUJINCIDEZHANGSHI。LINGWAIJINDAISHIRENYUANHAOWENYOUSHIZANJINCI: “QIANKUNYIYUFENGCHENLE,HAOJIUCHUANYUANWENQILING。”MINGDAIYUQIAN、WANGQIONG、LIULONG,QINGDAIYANGTINGRUI、ZHAOQIANDE、LIUDAPENGDENGDOULIUYOUSHIWEN。

  LIBAI、BAIJUYI、FANZHONGYAN、OUYANGXIUZHEISIWEIDOUSHIWENXUEDAJIA,YOUDOUCENGZAIJINCILIUYU,LIUXIABUXIUSHIJU,YUJINCIYOUBUJIEZHIYUAN,GUHOURENJIANGTAMENYUCHUNQIUMONIANDEJINGUOSISHIYURANGHEMINGDAIMINGCHENYUQIAN、WANGQIONGYIQIGONGFENGYUQIXIANCIZHONG。

BBIN真人  MINGMOQINGCHUZHUMINGDEXUEZHE、SHUFAJIA、HUAJIA、JINSHIJIAHEYIXUEJIAFUSHANCHUMINGDINGCHEN,ZIQINGZHU,HOUGAIZIQINGZHU,SHANXIYANGQUREN,CENGJINGZAIJINCIZHONGJUZHUSHENGHUODUONIAN,ZAIJINCIZHONGLIUXIALEBUSHAOMOJI,ZHUMINGZHERUNANLAOQUANTINGZHONGDE“NANLAO”LIBIAN、ZHOUBOQIANDETIKUANYIJIYUNTAODONGDETIZIHELVXIANGE、JINGYIYUANDETILIAN,HAIZUOYOU《GUBOGE》《SUYUNTAOSHI》YITUOQIZHI。

  QINGDAIZHUMINGXUEZHEZHUYIZUNDUIJINCIWENWUQINGYOUDUZHONG,CENGWUCILAIYOU,BINGZUOYOU《YOUJINCIJI》YIWEN,YICHENGWEIGUWENZHONGDEMINGPIAN。CIWENZAIKANGXIERSHIQINIAN(1688NIAN)DIAOJUANCHENGBEI,XIANCUNYUTANGSHUYUCIWAIYUANDEDONGLANGBISHANG。QINGDAIJINSHIYANGERYOUSHIJINCIZHENBENDIREN,GONGYUSHIWENSHUFA,JINCIZHONGYOUBUSHAOBIANEHESHIKECHUZIQISHOU,RUSHUIJINGTAIZHIE、MIAOYITANGZHONG“ZANHUAYU”BIANE、TONGLETINGBEIJI、DAIFENGXUANYINGLIANDENG,DEDAODIFANGRENSHIDETEBIEZHENAI。

BBIN真人  CIWAI,JINCIHAIYOURUOGANBIANEFENBIECHUZIZHAOCHANGYAN、GAOYINGYUANDENGSHUFAJIAZHISHOU,QINGDAIHUAJIAYANGRONGZAIGUANDIDIANHOUBIHUIYOUJUFU《TIANLONGSHANTU》,JUNJUYOUHENGAODEYISHUJIAZHI。

BBIN真人  ZHEIXIELISHIYIJI,ZHENGSHIJINCISUOJINGLIDEMANZHANGLISHIYANBIANDEJIANZHENG。

  体会“建筑意”

BBIN真人  SHANXIDIQUYIXINGLUOQIBUDEGUJIANZHUZHUCHENGYUSHI,ERJINCIZHENGSHIQIZHONGZUIJIECHUDAIBIAOZHIYI,QIFENGFUDEJIANZHUZAOXING、YOUMEIDEYUANLINFENGGUANGHESHENHOUDEWENHUADIYUNJUYOUJIGAODEJIAZHI,SHIZIRANYURENGONGJIEHEDEDIANFAN,MEIBUSHENGSHOU,ZHIDEJINRENHAOHAOZHENXIHEFANFUPINWEI。YOUQISHILIDAIXIUJIANZHEDUIYUANYOUJIANZHUDEGAODUZUNZHONGHEZHUDONGXIEDIAO,GENGSHIBBINZHENRENXIANDAICHENGSHIBBINZHENRENDEGUANGHUIBANGYANG。

  LIANGSICHENG、LINHUIYINXIANSHENGZAI《PINGJIAOJIANZHUZALU》YIWENZHONGSHUO: “WULUNNAYIGEWEIEDEGUCHENGLOU,HUOYIJIAOQINGTUIDEDIANJIDELINGHUNLI,WUXINGZHONGDOUZAISUSHUO,NAIZHIYUGECHANG,SHIJIANSHANGMANBUKEXINDEBIANQIAN;YOUWENYADEERNVJIAHUA,DAOLIUXUECHENGQUDESHALU。”ZHEIDUANHUADEYISISHI,XIANDAIRENQUKANGUJIANZHU,YINGGAIMINGBAITAMENBUSHIJIANGYINGKUSIDEHUASHI,ERSHIGUDAIXIANMINCENGJINGSHENGHUODECHANGSUO,SUIRANQIANRENYISHI,DANTAMENDEQIXIYIRANKEYITOUGUOZHEIXIECANCUNDEYIZHUANYIWACHUANDIJIHOUREN。LIANGLINERXIANSHENGJIANGZHEIZHONGCHAOYUEWUZHICENGMIANZHIWAIDEJINGSHENGANSHOUCHENGWEI“JIANZHUYI”。

BBIN真人  MEIYIWEILAIJINCIYOULANDERENSHIJISHANGDOUKEYICAIZHEWANGXILIBAI、OUYANGXIUDEZUJI,LIANGSICHENG、LINHUIYINDEJIAOYIN,XINSHANGTAMENDANGNIANCENGJINGKANDAOHUOMEIKANDAODEJINGXIANG,TIHUISHIGUANGBIANQIANSUODAILAIDELISHICANGSANG,LINGLVEQIZHONGNANYIYANCHUANDE“JIANZHUYI”。ZHENGRU“RENWENQINGHUAJIANGTAN”ZHIPIANREN、QINGHUADAXUEXINWENYUCHUANBOXUEYUANZHANGXIAOQINJIAOSHOUZAIXIANCHANGYUBBINZHENRENSUOYAN: “FEICHANGXIWANGBBINZHENRENMEIGEREN,ZHANZAIZUXIANLIUXIADEZHEIXIEBAOGUIKONGJIANZHONG,NENGGOUQUTIHUIQIZHONGNINGJUDELISHIHELIUTANGDE‘JIANZHUYI’。BUZHISHIZUOYOULANZHE,GENGYAOCHENGWEILISHIDEGANSHOUZHEHEWENHUADECHENGJIEZHE。”

BBIN真人  (YANJIANGREN: JIAJUN ZHUCHIREN: ZHANGXIAOQIN YANJIANGDIDIAN: QINGHUADAXUE“RENWENQINGHUAJIANGTAN” YANJIANGSHIJIAN: 2020NIAN6YUE BENBANJIANGZUOZILIAOJITUPIANJUNYOU“RENWENQINGHUAJIANGTAN”TIGONG)


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