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推动共建绿色“一带一路” 凝聚全球环境治理合力

发布时间: 2019-11-20 12:10:28|来源:BBIN真人_bbin真人游戏-官网APP下载

  作者: 生态环境部对外合作与BBIN真人中心党委书记 周国梅

  zaigeguokangjixinguanfeiyanyiqingdeteshushike,guojishehuidexieshounuligengjiatuxianle“yidaiyilu”guojihezuodezhongyaoxinghebiyaoxing,gongjian“yidaiyilu”hezuokongjianjinyibutuozhan。yiqingyinfaguojishehuiduirenyuziranhexiegongshengguanxideshenkesikao,zaidangqianquanqiujingjizengzhangdonglibuzudebeijingxia,lvsefusuchengweiquanqiuyihoujingjigaozhiliangfazhandezhongyaotuidongli,guojishehuiguanzhuheqidai“yidaiyilu”zaiyinlingquanqiulvsefusuzhongfahuizhongyaozuoyong。

BBIN真人  lvseshi“yidaiyilu”bbinzhenrendedise。2019nian,xijinpingzhuxizaidierjie“yidaiyilu”guojihezuogaofengluntanshangqiangdiao,“yaojianchikaifang、lvse、lianjielinian,balvsezuoweidise,tuidonglvsejichusheshibbinzhenren、lvsetouzi、lvsejinrong,baohuhaobbinzhenrenlaiyishengcundegongtongjiayuan。”lvse“yidaiyilu”yulianheguo2030niankechixufazhanyichengzailinian、yuanzehemubiaofangmiangaoduqihe、xiangfuxiangcheng,beiguojishehuirenkeweituidongluoshikechixufazhanyichengdejiejuefanganzhiyi。7nianlai,zhongguozaijiaqiangzishenshengtaiwenmingbbinzhenrendetongshi,jijitong“yidaiyilu”gongjianguojiayidaodazao“lvsesichouzhilu”,jiaqiangshengtaihuanjing、shengwuduoyangxingbaohuheyingduiqihoubianhuahezuo,tuidongquanqiuhuanjingzhilihelibuduanningju,weiluoshi2030niankechixufazhanmubiaozhuruxindongli。

  展现大国担当,参与和引领全球环境治理

BBIN真人  zhongguoyizhishiquanqiuqihouzhilijincheng、shengwuduoyangxingduobianjinchengdejijicanyuzhehegongxianzhe,qieshilvxingqihoubianhua、shengwuduoyangxingdenghuanjingxiangguantiaoyueyiwu,yitiqianwancheng2020nianyingduiqihoubianhuahesheliziranbaohuquxiangguanmubiao。2020nian9yue22ri,xijinpingzhuxizaidiqishiwujielianheguodahuiyibanxingbianlunshangxuanbu: “zhongguojiangtigaoguojiazizhugongxianlidu,caiqugengjiayoulidezhengcehecuoshi,eryanghuatanpaifanglizheng2030nianqiandadaofengzhi,nulizhengqu2060nianqianshixiantanzhonghe。”zheiyixuanshizhangxianlezhongguojijiyingduiqihoubianhua、zoulvseditanfazhandaoludejiandingjuexin,tixianlezhongguogoujianrenleimingyungongtongtidezerendandang,shizhongguoweiyingduiqihoubianhuazuochudexindenulihegongxian。guojishehuigaoduzanshangzhongguoqihouchengnuo,renweijiangduiquanqiuyingduiqihoubianhuachanshengjijiyingxiang,youzhuyudaidong“yidaiyilu”qingjienengyuantouzi,bangzhufazhanzhongguojiazoushangditandaolu。

  强化顶层设计,发布政策文件提出明确要求

  zi2013nianyilai,zhongguozhengfufabuxiliezhengcewenjianqianghua“yidaiyilu”shengtaihuanjingbaohugongzuo。2013nianfabude《duiwaitouzihezuohuanjingbaohuzhinan》tichuyaoqiu,qiyeyinganzhaodongdaoguohuanjingbaohufalvfaguihebiaozhunyaoqiu,kaizhanwuranfangzhigongzuo,wuranwupaifangyingdangfuhedongdaoguowuranwupaifangbiaozhunguiding,bingjianshaoduidangdishengwuduoyangxingdebuliyingxiang。2015nianfabu《tuidonggongjiansichouzhilujingjidaihe21shijihaishangsichouzhiludeyuanjingyuxingdong》,yaoqiuqiyezhudongchengdanshehuizeren,yangebaohushengwuduoyangxingheshengtaihuanjing。2017nianfabu《guanyutuijinlvse“yidaiyilu”bbinzhenrendezhidaoyijian》he《“yidaiyilu”shengtaihuanbaohezuoguihua》,mingquelelvse“yidaiyilu”bbinzhenrendezongtisiluherenwucuoshi,tichu“tuidongqiyezunshousuozaiguoshengtaihuanjingfalvfagui、zhengcehebiaozhun”。

  搭建合作平台,建立绿色发展多边合作机制

  luoshixijinpingzhuxichangyi,shengtaihuanjingbuyuzhongwaihezuohuobangongtongfaqichengli“yidaiyilu”lvsefazhanguojilianmeng(jianchenglvselianmeng)。lvselianmengyiyoulaizi40yugeguojiade150duojiahezuohuoban,qidongleshengwuduoyangxingyushengtaixitong、quanqiuqihoubianhuazhilijilvsezhuanxing、lvsejinrongyutouzi、huanjingfalvfaguihebiaozhundeng10gezhuantihuobanguanxi,bingkaizhanzhuantilingyuyanjiubbinzhenren。tuidongyugongjianguojiadehuanjingbiaozhunhezuoyuduijie,zuzhi“yidaiyilu”shengtaihuanjingbiaozhunxiliepeixun,yindaoqiyezaiduiwaitouzihezuozhongguifanhuanjingbaohuxingwei。lvselianmengyu2019nianqidongle《“yidaiyilu”xiangmulvsefazhanzhinan》xiangmu,zhengzaituidongzhiding“yidaiyilu”xiangmufenjifenleizhinan,weigongjianguojiajixiangmutigonglvsejiejuefangan。ciwai,shengtaihuanjingbuzhengzaishishilvsesilushizhejihua,yipeixun120duogeguojiadehuanjingguanyuan、yanjiuxuezhehejishurenyuan2000yurenci。shishiyingduiqihoubianhuanannanhezuojihua,bangzhufeizhouguojia、xiaodaoyuguojia、zuibufadaguojiadengtigaoyingduiqihoubianhuanengli,yusaisheer、jianpuzhai、laowodengguojiahezuogongjianditanshifanqu。

  完善技术支撑,防范“一带一路”生态环境风险

  tuidonghuanjingxinxigongxiang,bbinzhenren“yidaiyilu”shengtaihuanbaodashujubbinzhenrenpingtai,qianghuashengtaihuanbaobbinzhenrenhejuecezhichi。yijicheng30yugeguojiadeguobiejichushuju、faguibiaozhun、huanjingzhengce、jishuchanye、anlifenxidengneirong,huiji30geguojiquanweigongkaipingtaide200yuxiangzhibiaoshuju,shejiquanqiu190yugeguojiahediqu。tuidonglvsejishubbinzhenren,bbinzhenren“yidaiyilu”huanjingjishubbinzhenrenyuzhuanyizhongxin(shenzhen)denghuanbaochanyejishuhezuopingtai,juban“yidaiyilu”lvsechuangxindahui,tuidongbbinzhenrenlvsejishuchuangxinchuangyejidiheguojigaoduanhuanbaochanyeyuan。guoneiwaiyanjiujigouyigongtongkaifazhongguojingwaitouzixiangmuhuanjingfengxiankuaisupinggugongju(erst),kezaixiangmukaifadezaoqijieduanduiqishengwuduoyangxinghehuanjingziyuandeqianzaiyingxiangjichupinggujianyi,duixiangmudehuanjingyushehuifengxianjinxingshibieyuguanli。

  推动绿色投资,强化金融机构环境风险管理

BBIN真人  jinrongjigouzhengzaicaiquxingdongqianghuaduiwaitouzixiangmudehuanjingheshehuifengxianguanli,tuidong“yidaiyilu”touzidelvsehua。zhongyingjigouyu2018nianlianhefabule《“yidaiyilu”lvsetouziyuanze》,jiezhi2020nian9yue,yiyou37jiaqianshujigouhe12jiazhichijigou,laiziquanqiu14geguojiahediqu。yangxingyujianguanjigoulvsejinrongwangluo(ngfs)fabule《jinrongjigouhuanjingfengxianzongshu》he《jinrongjigouhuanjingfengxianfenxianliji》,weijinrongyekaizhanhuanjingheqihoufengxianfenxitigongzhinan。congtuidonglvsejichusheshibbinzhenrenqingkuanglaikan,zhongguoyijingzaigongjianguojiabbinzhenrenledaliangtaiyangneng、fengnengdengkezaishengnengyuanxiangmu,bangzhudongdaoguonengyuangongjixianggaoxiao、qingjie、duoyanghuadefangxiangjiasuzhuanxing。zhongguozai“yidaiyilu”guojianengyuanlingyutouzizhongkezaishengnengyuantouzidebilizhubuzengjia,meiguoqiyegonggongzhengceyanjiusuo(aei)fabudeshujuxianshi,2020nianshangbannian,zhongguozai“yidaiyilu”guojiakezaishengnengyuantouzizhanbichaoguohuashinengyuan。

  履行企业责任,打造“一带一路”绿色项目

  jinnianlai,zhongguoqiyehuanjingbaohushehuizerenyishibuduanzengqiang,2016nianyifaqi《lvxingqiyehuanbaozerengongjianlvse“yidaiyilu”changyi》。zhongguoqiyezaichengjianhesheji“yidaiyilu”xiangmushi,zaicujindangdijingjifazhantongshi,chongfenkaolvshengtaiyinsu,henduoxiangmuhuodeledangdizhengfuheminzhongdegaodukending。zhongbajingjizoulangshougeshuidianxiangmu、bajisitanzuidashuidianxiangmukaluoteshuidianzhanjianchigaobiaozhunbbinzhenren,shijieyinxingjituanchengyuanguojijinronggongsi(ifc)zuoweidaikuanfangzhiyi,yiguojibiaozhunyangebakongxiangmuhuanpinggongzuo,bajisitanqianzongliabaxipingjiagaixiangmushiliguolimindedianfanxiangmu。heishanmozulafengdianxiangmubeiyuweizhongdongoufengdianxingyebiaoganheshifanxingxiangmu,elesaihexiayoushuidianzhanhuodejianpuzhaihuanjingbubanfade“huanbaoguanligongzuoyouxiujiang”。

  xinguanfeiyanyiqingduigeguojingjishehuifazhandailaiqiansuoweiyoudechongji,guojihuobizuzhi(imf)dejingjiyuqizhong,zhongguoshiweiyizai2020nianqudezhengzengzhangdezhuyaojingjiti。zhongguozhengfuzaiyihoujingjifusujieduan,tichu“xinxingjichusheshibbinzhenren”“zhongguotanzhonghechengnuo”denglvseditanfazhanjucuo,dazaozhongoulvsehezuohuoban,bbinzhenrenxingcanyuquanqiuyingduiqihoubianhuahebaohuquanqiushengwuduoyangxingduobianjincheng,shifangchugaozhiliangjikechixufazhandexianmingxinhao,yexiangguojishehuizhanshilezhongguotuidongbbinzhenren“lvsesichouzhilu”dejuexinhexinxin。

BBIN真人  shengtaihuanbaohezuoyizhishi“yidaiyilu”bbinzhenrendezhongyaozuchengbufen,bbinzhenrenlvse“yidaiyilu”weiquanqiukechixufazhangongxiandezhongguofangan。xiayibu,bbinzhenrenjiangjixuyugongjianguojiajiaqiangzhengcegoutong,fahuihao“yidaiyilu”lvsefazhanguojilianmengheshengtaihuanbaodashujubbinzhenrenpingtaizuoyong,tuijinhuanjingzhengce、guihua、biaozhunhejishuduijie,fenxiangzhongguoshengtaiwenmingbbinzhenrenlinianheshijianjingyan。tongshi,jixutisheng“yidaiyilu”xiangmushengtaihuanjingguanlishuiping,buduanwanshanzhengcegongju,fahuijinrongjigouzuoyongyindaolvsetouzi,yindaoqiyegenghaolvxinghuanbaozeren,fangfan“yidaiyilu”bbinzhenrenshengtaihuanjingfengxian。tongguolvse“yidaiyilu”bbinzhenrenchixutuidonggaozhiliangfazhan,zhulixingchengyiguoneidaxunhuanweizhuti、guoneiguojishuangxunhuanxianghucujindexinfazhangeju,yuhezuohuobangongjianwanwuhexiedemeilijiayuan。


责任编辑: 孙远进 校对: 杨文博

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